The Human Enhancement Drugs Network (HEDN) is an international group of multi-disciplinary researchers with an interest in human enhancement drugs from various universities. We seeks to strengthen working relationships between academic sectors, governmental agencies, NGOs, users groups and others interested in human enhancement drugs, performance and image enhancing drugs, and doping substances. You can find the evntire Human Enhancement Drugs Network below or search for certain individuals in specific countries.

Please contact us if you would like to join the Human Enhancement Drugs Network.

Current Human Enhancement Drug Network

Neha Prasad Ainsworth:

BW Picture Neha Prasad Ainsworth 2

Neha Ainsworth is a Ph.D. student currently at Kingston University (England). She has a B.A. in Philosophy and Psychology and a M.Sc. in Neuroscience. Neha has an interest in performance enhancing drug (PED) use in the gym-going population. As well as researching PEDs, she enjoys lecturing about the subject. She is very familiar with the population, being a competitive power-lifter herself. Email Neha:

Jamie Annakin

Jamie Cut

Jamie Annakin (MSc) is a Ph.D. student at Birmingham City University with a research interest in image and performance enhancing drug (PIED) use amongst male bodybuilders. Having worked in a wide range of community based health improvement programmes (including cardiac rehabilitation, tobacco control and public mental health) for over 15 years he is currently a public health substance misuse programme manager in the West Midlands. His responsibilities include substance misuse prevention interventions and treatment services, offender management, alcohol licensing and trading standards work programmes. Jamie holds PGcert’s in Research Practice and Mental Health Studies with previous research topics including male suicide prevention and the exploration of risk behaviours amongst men following job loss. Email Jamie:

You can also follow him on Twitter: @AnnakinJamie.

Georgios A. Antonopoulos:

BW photo Antonopoulos 2

Georgios A. Antonopoulos is a Professor of Criminology at the School of Social Sciences and Law at Teesside University. His research interests include ‘organised crime’ and illegal markets such as for medicine and anabolic steroids. He is currently involved in European Commission-funded project on the online trade in counterfeit pharmaceuticals (FAKECARE project). He also conducts an ethnographic study on the illegal trade of anabolic steroids in the UK. E-mail Georgios:

You can also follow him on Twitter @Keyser_Soze_13.

Elena Atienza-Macías


Elena Atienza-Macías has been a member of the Inter-University Chair Provincial Government of Biscay in Law and the Human Genome, University of Deusto and University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU (Bilbao, Spain) since December 2009; one of its fields of research has focused on Biolaw and Health Law. Indeed, she has dealt with these subjects at several international seminars and congresses and also as a member in many research projects. Besides this field of research, the study of doping in Sports Law is also an area of focus for Elena Atienza’s current research activities (and everything related to International and Comparative Law on the human genome and biotechnologies, especially gene doping). She has just finished her Ph.D. dissertation supervised by Prof. Dr. Carlos María Romeo Casabona, concerning the legal and ethical implications of the use of performance enhancing drugs and new doping practices in sport within the PhD Program in the Fundamentals of Law, Economic Law and Business Law, at the University of Deusto. Her dissertation also deals with a controversial subject such as, the analysis of the legal implications on the use of biological samples and personal data for the purposes of doping control in the sport sector. Email Elena:

You can also find her on Twitter: @AtienzaElena, Academia:, and LinkedIn:ías-8858512a.

Susan Backhouse

LS126 magazine Sue Backhouse Picture by Vicky Matthers iconphotomedia

Susan Backhouse is a Professor of Psychology and Behavioural Nutrition and Head of the Centre for Sports Performance at Leeds Beckett University, UK. In 2007 she was commissioned by WADA to undertake the first systematic literature review on the social psychology of doping in sport. Since then, Susan and her research team at Leeds Beckett University have established a programme of research investigating the use of performance and image enhancing substances from multiple stakeholder perspectives (e.g., athlete, athlete support personnel, recreational user). In order to pursue this research agenda, Susan and her team have received funding from the International Olympic Committee, European Commission, World Anti-Doping Agency, International Athletics Foundation and Rugby Football Union. Susan is a researcher-practitioner, serving as a UKAD National Trainer and a member of the UKAD Research Steering Committee. In 2012 she was an invited member of the European Union Ad-hoc Expert Group on Doping in Recreational Sport, producing EU wide prevention guidelines. In terms of professional body affiliations, Susan is a Fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. Email Sue:

You can also find her on Twitter: @susanbackhouseLinkedIn, and ResearchGate:

Mark Berry:

BW 11988476_10153624817474776_1114228814288418042_n 2

Mark Berry is a Ph.D. researcher at Cardiff University in Wales. His research is an ethnographic study of the illicit market in a medium sized city in England. In the broadest of terms his research aims to uncover how and why, criminals produce and distribute illicit substances. Whilst his research covers a multitude of drug types, he has spent a great deal of time in the field documenting the practices of wholesale anabolic steroid producers and has taken a keen interest in performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs). Mark is currently a trustee for the International Association for the Study of Organised Crime. Email Mark:

You can also find him on Twitter: @MarkAshtonBerry and LinkedIn.

Prof Gill Green

 IMG_0631 BW

Gill Green is a Professor of Medical Sociology in the School of Health and Social Care, University of Essex. Gill has been researching aspects of chronic illness since the early 1990s with a focus on the psychosocial impact of HIV and more recently upon people with other chronic illnesses. She has also been the Chief Investigator on a number of research projects related to socially excluded groups such as the lived experiences of offenders with substance misuse problems and people living in low income households. She is currently leading an evaluation of the Steroids, Weights, Education and Therapy (SWEAT) Project which was awarded Big Lottery, UK funding to support users of image and performance enhancing drugs. The service provided by Open Road includes the provision of education and awareness about image and performance enhancing drug (IPED) use to prevent long-term health issues and improve overall wellbeing among steroid users. E-mail Gill:

Tim Bingham:

Tim Bingham 2

Tim Bingham has over 20 years of experience working directly with clients and health professionals in the substance use field including traditional drugs, novel psychoactive substances (NPS), and muscle drugs (in particular steroids). His research specialism is on emerging drug trends and on-line drug market places. He has co-authored a number of journal articles on these issues with a recent focus on the ‘Dark Web’. These include ‘Surfing the Silk Road’ and most recently ‘The Rise and Challenge of Dark Net Drug Markets’. In 2015 he was a member of an expert panel at the Drug Policy Alliance Conference in the USA on new and emerging drugs, and has presented as an international expert to the European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction on the Dark Net and the ongoing developments of Internet drug markets. He is currently an independent advisor for a European Project, funded by the EU, called “New psychoactive substances (NPS): building knowledge and evidence-based training through research”, which monitors anonymous online drug marketplaces. Email Tim:

You can follow him on twitter @binghaminfo.

Jeanett Bjønness


Jeanett Bjønness, Ph.D., currently assistant professor at Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, is an anthropologist from the Dept. for Anthropology and Ethnography, Aarhus University. Her research has focused on prostitution, drugs, social work, social policy, victimization, agency, gender, class and the relation between marginalized women and the social system. Presently her research explores non-medical use of prescription drugs in the Danish educational system, in relation to well-being and risk. Furthermore, she is interested in the possible methodological and ethical dilemmas inherent in researching politicized and morally loaded fields as prostitution, drug- and medicine use and more generally the area of social marginalization. Email Jeannet:

Ian Boardley:

BW boardley_ian 2

After obtaining a 1st Class B.Sc. (Hons) in Sport Science at the University of Leeds, Ian completed a Ph.D. in Sport Psychology at the University of Birmingham. On completing his Ph.D. in 2008, he started work as a researcher and lecturer at the University of Birmingham. His research spans a number of areas relevant to moral issues in sport and exercise psychology, but his predominant focus recently has been on the psychosocial processes that underpin the use of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs) in sport, exercise and dance. This work has been supported by funding from the World Anti-Doping Agency (2010, 2013, 2015) and the International Olympic Committee (2015). Ian is internationally recognized for his work introducing the construct of moral disengagement to the field of sport and exercise morality research, and this is a construct he continues to investigate with respect to IPED use. Most recently he has also started to investigate the use of cognitive enhancers in student populations too. He applies both quantitative and qualitative methodologies in his research depending on the particular research question being addressed. Email Ian:

You can also follow him on Twitter: @mdsportex

Rebekah Brennan:


Rebekah Brennan is a PhD researcher at Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland and Irish Research Council (IRC) scholar. Her research project focuses on the injecting use of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPED). The central aim is to explore and describe individuals who inject IPED’s decision making processes, injecting drug use practices and side effect phenomena through studying their subjective individual experiences and interpretation of cultural messages around body ideals. Her research is conducted by utilizing both qualitative methods in the online setting. Previously Rebekah is published in the area of novel psychoactive drug (NPS) use. Moreover, she is also a reviewer for the Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse. Email Rebekah:

You can also find her on Twitter: @rebekah_Brennan and LinkedIn.

Ashley R. Bullard


Ashley R. Bullard is a doctoral researcher at the University of Leeds in the department for the School of Sociology and Social Policy. His main interest is the role of rationality in the making of social policy generally, but drug policy specifically. This has resulted in a focus upon cognition enhancers as a unique case within drug policy that disrupts long-standing boundaries of drug categorisation, and opens up more explicit considerations of the role of the imagined ideal human/citizen in policy processes. Ashley has a Bachelor’s Degree in Sociology and Sociology Policy (First) and Masters in Social Research (Distinction), which he also obtained at the University of Leeds. He was involved in drug policy reform activism during his time as an undergraduate before turning towards academia to pursue his political interests.

Ashley can be contacted by email:, or on twitter: @AshleyRBullard; more inform available from his institutional profile; or at

Anjan Chatterjee, MD, FAAN:


Anjan Chatterjee is the Frank A. and Gwladys H. Elliott Professor and Chair of Neurology at Pennsylvania Hospital. He is a member of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and the Center for Neuroscience and Society at the University of Pennsylvania. He received his BA in Philosophy from Haverford College, MD from the University of Pennsylvania and completed his neurology residency at the University of Chicago. His clinical practice focuses on patients with cognitive disorders. His research addresses questions about spatial cognition and language, attention, neuroethics, and neuroaesthetics. He wrote The Aesthetic Brain: How we evolved to desire beauty and enjoy art and co-edited: Neuroethics in Practice: Mind, medicine, and society, and The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: behavioral neurology and neuropsychology. He is or has been on the editorial boards of: American Journal of Bioethics: Neuroscience, Behavioural Neurology, Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, Neuropsychology, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, European Neurology, Empirical Studies of the Arts, The Open Ethics Journal and Policy Studies in Ethics, Law and Technology. He was awarded the 2002 Norman Geschwind Prize in Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology by the American Academy of Neurology. He is a founding member of the Board of Governors of the Neuroethics Society, the past President of the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics, and the past President of the Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Society. He serves on the Boards of Haverford College, the Associated Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired, The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, and Universal Promise. Email Anjan:

You can also find him on Twitter: @Anjan435.

Ask V. Christiansen, Ph.D.:

BW Ask-Vest-Christiansen09-14 ver 2

Ask Vest Christiansen, Ph.D., is associate professor and head of Section for Sport Science, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark. He has researched the use of drugs among elite as well as recreational athletes, and published widely on these subjects in books and journal articles. He is a regular contributor to media discussions about drug use and has delivered many public lectures on the subject. He is the co-manager of the International Network of Doping Research (INDR).

You can find him on Twitter: @AskVest, Academia:, and LinkedIn.

Jay Coakley: 

BW Coakley pic 2

Jay Coakley, Professor Emeritus of sociology at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, has over 40 years of experience doing research and studying connections between sports, culture, and society. Coakley is an internationally respected scholar, author, and journal editor and has received many professional awards. His book, Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies, is in its 11th edition and has been adapted for readers in Canada, the UK and Europe, Australia and New Zealand, and Southern Africa. Using the concepts of “deviant overconformity” and “the sport ethic,” he has provided a sociological analysis of performance enhancing substances (PEDs) in sports. He continues his efforts to make sport participation a source of enjoyment and development, and to make sports more democratic and humane for people of all ages and backgrounds. Email Jay:

You can also follow him on Academia:, ResearchGate, Twitter: @SiSCoakley, and LinkedIn.

Rick Collins:

BW Rick Collins 2

Rick Collins, JD, CSCS, FISSN is a law partner in the firm of Collins Gann McCloskey & Barry PLLC, in Mineola, New York. As a former criminal prosecutor, he is widely considered one of the world’s foremost legal authorities on performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) and supplements. He has served as lead defense attorney on countless criminal and administrative cases involving anabolic steroids and related drugs throughout America, and has defended against doping allegations internationally. He is the author of the groundbreaking legal treatise on anabolic steroids, Legal Muscle: Anabolics in America, and has written extensively on the topic of non-medical steroid use for legal publications including the Criminal Justice Journal of the New York State Bar Association and The Champion, the publication of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. He has contributed chapters to two texts on sports nutrition and has co-written a textbook chapter on adolescent use of PIEDs. He frequently writes for various fitness and bodybuilding publications, and has been a monthly columnist for the nationally circulated Muscular Development magazine and a member of their Advisory Board since 2001. Rick has been interviewed as a legal authority on PIEDs in the film “Bigger, Stronger, Faster*” (2008) and on national television talk and news shows, in talk radio interviews, and by countless online and print publications. He was a member of a four-person research team that conducted and published an Internet survey of the demographics, motivations and patterns of use of 1,955 male adult non-medical anabolic steroid users in the United States. As a former award-winning bodybuilder and co-owner of a personal training business, Rick has a lifelong dedication to fitness and is also a nationally Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (NSCA-CSCS). He can be reached through his website at or by email through his law office at

You can also find him on Twitter @rickcollinsesq, Facebook, and LinkedIn.

Ross Coomber, Ph.D.:


Ross Coomber, Ph.D., is Professor of Criminology and Sociology at the University of Liverpool. Until recently he was Professor and Director of the Griffith Criminology Institute, Griffith University, Australia. He has been involved in researching a wide range of issues relating to drug use, drug supply and formal and informal interventions in many societies around the world for over twenty-five years. He has published extensively within the drug field and is the author of Pusher Myths: Re-Situating the Drug Dealer (2006) and co-editor (with Nigel South) of Drug Use and Cultural Contexts ‘Beyond the West’ (2004) (both Free Association Books) among others. His latest book is Key Concepts in Crime and Society (2015) published by Sage (co-authored with Joe Donnermyer, Karen McElrath and John Scott). Ross has been publishing on the issue of image and performance enhancing substances (IPEDs), on and off, for many years. He was an early (1992) advocate of harm reduction approaches to performance enhancing drug (PED) use in professional sport, and in broader policy terms, that there are many myths and contradictions about fairness in the sporting world (1998) that confound simple doping policy. More recently (2013a) he has tried to show how much of what happens in ant-doping policy in the sporting world has its roots in, and mirrors, responses to illicit drugs in the non-sporting world.  His latest research (2015) relates much supply of IPEDs at the local non-professional and semi-professional levels to be closer to friend/social supply than dealing proper and should be treated as such by the criminal justice system. He also strongly believes that the use of recreational drugs should not be the remit of sporting authorities or bodies such as WADA (2013b). Email Ross:

You can also find him on Twitter @RossCoomber1 and ResearchGate.

Karine Diedrich:

BW Karine 2

Karine Diedrich is a Strategic Partnerships Officer at the Canadian Center on Substance Abuse (CCSA), a not-for-profit organization that provides national leadership, evidence-informed analysis and mobilizes collaborative efforts to reduce alcohol- and other drug-related harms. Her current areas of focus include working across sectors to better understand the linkages between sport participation and youth substance use; developing new tracking and knowledge exchange mechanisms for novel psychoactive substances; and, supporting best practice in youth substance abuse prevention. Ms. Diedrich is a Vice President of the Gloucester Recreation Development Organization (GRDO), an organization that delivers affordable recreation and leadership programs for children and youth who may face financial, cultural, or social barriers. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in Criminology from Carleton University and a Professional Certificate in Partnership Management from the Norman Patterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA).

You can find her on Twitter: @KarineDiedrich, and LinkedIn.

Paul Dimeo:

BW Pic Paul Dimeo 2

Paul Dimeo is Senior Lecturer in the School of Sport, University of Stirling. His first interest in doping and anti-doping was from a historical perspective. He edited the collection ‘Drugs, Alcohol and Sport’ (Routledge, 2006), and wrote the prize-winning book ‘A History of Drug Use in Sport, 1876-1976: Beyond Good and Evil’ (Routledge, 2007). He subsequently focused upon the policies within the IOC, and a collaboration with Dr. Thomas Hunt led to a Fulbright Scholarship to visit the University of Texas, Austin (2012). This led to articles on the East German doping programme and how it compared with the situation in Western countries at the same time. Most recently, his work has investigated cycling cases in the USA with Dr. April Henning. He has led three WADA funded projects and been co-Investigator on a fourth. He is currently working on a book that critically explores the nature and practice of anti-doping policy. You can find more information about Paul and his work at: Email Paul:

You can also follow him on Twitter: @pauldimeo2.

Matthew Dunn:

BW Metthew Dunn 2

Dr. Matthew Dunn is a Senior Lecturer in Public Health at Deakin University as well as a Conjoint Senior Lecturer at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre at UNSW. He is one of the leading researchers investigating the public health aspects of performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) use in Australia. He has worked in the drug and alcohol field for over 10 years. He completed his psychology studies at the University of Wollongong (1997-2000) prior to completing certification in fitness instruction. He undertook a Ph.D. at the University of Sydney (2002-2006), where his dissertation looked at the influence of drug use, exercise, and sexual orientation on body image concerns in men. He worked at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre for over five years, working on projects investigating trends in substance use and harm. He led a world-first project investigating illicit substance use issues among elite athletes. He has worked at Deakin University since 2011 and has an active interest in projects which investigate the use of and harms associated with substances to enhance their body or performance. His latest research has investigated how people with ADHD self-manage their symptoms, the use of ‘smart’ and other drugs to enhance academic performance among university students, and health service access among people who use performance and image enhancing drugs. Email Matthew:

You can follow him on Twitter @drmdunn1, LinkedIn, and Research Gate.

Nita A. Farahany:


Nita A. Farahany is a Professor of Law & Philosophy at Duke Law School, the Director of Duke Initiative for Science & Society, and the Faculty Director of the Duke MA in Bioethics and Science Policy. In 2010, she was appointed by President Obama to the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, and continues to serve as a member. She is a widely published scholar on the ethical, legal, and social implications of the biosciences and emerging technologies, and a frequent commentator for national media and radio shows. Farahany is an elected member of the American Law Institute, a Board member of both the International Neuroethics Society and the Center for Responsible Brainwave Technologies, a member of the Law and Ethics Advisory Panel (“LEAP”) as part of the Football Players Health Study (“FPHS”) at Harvard University, a co-editor-in-chief and co-founder of the Journal of Law and the Biosciences, and an editorial board member of the American Journal of Bioethics (Neuroscience). She is the recipient of the 2013 Paul M. Bator award given annually to an outstanding legal academic under 40. Farahany holds an AB (Genetics) from Dartmouth College, and an ALM (Biology) from Harvard University, and a JD, MA, and Ph.D. (Philosophy) from Duke University. Email Nita:

You can also follow her on Twitter: @NitaFarahany, and SSRN.

Kevin Flemen:

Kevin Flemen is a drug and alcohol trainer based in the UK. Having set up the KFx drugs awareness website in 2002 he now runs over a hundred courses a year. Although working across all areas of drug and alcohol use in community settings, Kevin has a specialism in novel psychoactive substances (NSPs) and harm reduction. This has included helping generic drugs workers better address the needs of performance and image enhancing drug users. These courses seek to act as a bridge between the highly specialised knowledge of those working in sports clinics and the core knowledge and skills essential in drug and alcohol services and needle exchanges. Kevin also has interests in novel psychoactive substances, drugs and housing and drug legislation. Email Kevin:

You can also find him on Twitter @kfxnews.

Olivier de Hon:

BW Oliver de hon 2

Olivier de Hon is scientific manager of the official National Anti-Doping Organisation of the Netherlands: ‘Dopingautoriteit’. Besides his everyday dealings with doping issues, his former scientific projects include: the prevalence of doping use, effectiveness of anti-doping policies, determinants of doping use in elite athletes and visitors of fitness centres, gene doping, and the quality of illegal doping substances. He is an advisor to the polyclinic for users of anabolic steroids at Haarlem, the Netherlands, and member of the advisory board of the “Informed Sport” program (UK based nutritional supplements testing scheme). He is a volunteer guide of the Olympic Stadium in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Email Olivier:

You can also find him on LinkedIn.

Kelsey Erickson

BW research profile 2

Kelsey Erickson has recently completed her Ph.D. at Leeds Beckett University (UK). Her principal research interest is the use of performance enhancing substances (PES) within sport, while her Ph.D. focussed on exploring the interplay between risk and protective factors amongst cross-national (UK and US) university level track and field athletes with regards to performance enhancing methods in sport. Additionally, it explored the impact of doping amongst elite level track and field athletes. As such, her programme of research was partially funded by the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF). Following the recent completion of her Ph.D., Kelsey will soon be returning to the US to commence a two-year postdoctoral research position funded by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in cooperation with Leeds Beckett University. The project, an extension of her doctoral research, will involve designing, implementing and evaluating an intervention to promote Clean Sport within university student-athlete populations in the US, UK and Canada. Email Kelsey:

You can also find her on Twitter: @kelslee777, Academia:, and LinkedIn.

Bertrand Fincoeur:

BE Bertrand profile pic 2

Bertrand Fincoeur, Ph.D., is a postdoc researcher at the Institute of Sports Sciences of the University of Lausanne. In 2016 he completed his Ph.D. in criminology at the KU Leuven. His thesis addressed “The Doping Market in Belgian and French Road Cycling: Analysis of the Use, the Supply and the Impact of Anti-Doping Policy”. He has conducted different national and international research projects on doping and published about thirty publications on controversial issues in sports (doping, football hooliganism, match fixing). He is also arbitrator at the Belgian Court of Arbitration for Sport. Email Bertrand:

You can also find him on ResearchGate and Academia.

Jennifer Germain, BSc, MSc

BW bigJenniferBrizell-200x200 2

Jennifer holds a B.Sc. in Psychology and a M.Sc. in Research Methods from The University of Liverpool and since 2009 has worked as a researcher in the fields of nursing, obesity and violence. She is currently a Ph.D. researcher at The Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University. Her research focuses on the use of unlicensed weight loss drugs, specifically 2,4 dinitrophenol (DNP), sibutramine and rimonabant in females. In carrying out this research she also has developed an interest in online research methodologies and her research aims to develop the use of online forums in research. Her broader research interests are around eating behaviour, weight management and obesity. Email:

You can also find her on LinkedIn:

Terry Goldsworthy: 

BW Bond teacher photo 2

Dr. Terry Goldsworthy has over 28 years policing experience in Australia as a Detective Inspector. He served in general duties, watchhouse and as a motorcycle officer before moving to the Criminal Investigation Branch in 1994. He spent eight years as a Detective Senior Sergeant on the Gold Coast in charge of the CIB at Burleigh Heads before moving to the Legal and Policy Unit at Ethical Standard Command. Dr. Goldsworthy has completed a Bachelor of Commerce, Bachelor of Laws, Advanced Diploma of Investigative Practice and a Diploma of Policing. As a result of his law studies Dr. Goldsworthy was admitted to the bar in the Queensland and Federal Courts as a barrister in 1999. Dr. Goldsworthy then completed a Master of Criminology at Bond University. He later completed his Ph.D. focusing on the concept of evil and its relevance from a criminological and sociological viewpoint. In particular Dr. Goldsworthy looked at the link between evil and armed conflicts using the Waffen-SS as a case study. Dr. Goldsworthy has recently published his first book titled Valhalla’s Warriors, which examines the genocidal actions of the SS in Russia during World War II. He has also contributed a chapter to the tertiary textbooks, Serial Crime and Forensic Criminology, published by Academic Press. He contributed a number of articles to journal and general publications. He is an avid commentator of social justice issues. Terry is currently conducting research into performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs). You can find the study here. Email Terry:

You can also find him on Twitter: @tgoldswo, and LinkedIn.

Scott Griffiths


Dr. Scott Griffiths is a Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University, a Lecturer at the University of Canberra, and Secretary of the National Association for Males with Eating Disorders. Scott completed his PhD on eating disorders in males in April 2016. Scott is particularly interested in the use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) among individuals with muscularity-focused eating and body image disorders, including muscle dysmorphia, and sometimes called ‘reverse anorexia’ or ‘bigorexia’. Upcoming research projects include longitudinal studies of men who use PIEDs and men with muscle dysmorphia, with focus on improving diagnostic criteria, exploring help-seeking and stigma, and amenability to mental health treatment options. Scott is actively involved with peak professional and charitable eating disorder bodies, including the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Eating Disorders and the Butterfly Foundation, and seeks to connect the expertise of health professionals in the eating disorders arena with clients who suffer from muscularity-focused body image and eating concerns and disorders. Scott’s position is that PIEDs, and anabolic steroids in particular, can be viewed as muscularity-focused analogues of the laxatives and diuretics frequently taken by individuals suffering from thinness-oriented eating disorders, and that muscle dysmorphia may be a muscularity-focused analogue of anorexia nervosa. Scott is involved in the development and evaluation of treatments for muscle dysmorphia and steroid use and has conducted clinical workshops on these topics at national and international eating disorder conferences. You can contact him here:

You can also follow him on Academia, ResearchGate, Twitter and LinkedIn.

Nic Groombridge:

Nic Groombridge for HEDs

Nic Groombridge BA, MA, MA, PhD, is a criminologist. His book Sports Criminology argues neither sports law nor the sociology of sport adequately tackles what happens in and around sport. But criminology has long ignored sport. In society criminology has sought to understand drugs but in sport has ‘taken its eye of the ball’ and ceded too much to the authorities of which a critical criminology would be critical. It is worth relativising some issues; for instance; might vitamins be seen as a gateway drug? A runner himself, he enjoys sport for itself, rather than a form of crime prevention or even ‘cause’ of crime. He tweets on these and other criminological matters @criminology4u. Email Nic:

Alexandra Hall:

BW Picture Alex Hall Teesside 2

Alexandra Hall, PhD, is Senior Lecturer in Criminology  at Northumbria University, UK. Alex is committed to transdisciplinary research paradigms and her main interests lie at the intersections of criminology, critical political economy and cultural studies. She conducts research on illicit markets (counterfeit goods, pharmaceutical, psychoactive, and performance and image enhancing drugs), cybercrime and criminal financing. Alex’s empirical and theoretical book exploring the online counterfeit medicine trade (with Georgios A. Antonopoulos) has been published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2016. Email Alex:

You can also find Alex on Twitter: @alexandra_hall3 and Academia.

Aaron Hart

BW Short 20160208_103434 2

Aaron is a Research Associate at Curtin University and works on the study titled Understanding performance and image-enhancing drug (PIED) injecting to improve health and minimise hepatitis C transmission. Aaron is a sociologist with an interest in the intersections between social welfare, health and opportunity. His work has explored the intersections between low socioeconomic status, gender roles and alcohol and other drug related harm; social services for young people and families experiencing homelessness and unemployment; and clinical responses to poverty. His analyses frequently detail the mechanisms employed by social institutions to attribute the poor outcomes of their services to the pathologies of their clients.

Aaron’s current study investigates social practices associated with men’s use of performance and image-enhancing drugs (PIEDs) in Australia. It aims to better understand who takes them, when, why and how; and to create new knowledge on the health information needs of men who inject PIEDs. This project expects to directly inform policy and practice, aiming to help minimise hepatitis C transmission among men who inject PIEDs. In the process the project will illuminate contemporary practices of masculinity through PIED use as they play out in relation to sexuality, ethnicity, age and other issues. For project updates go to Email Aaron:

Orlanda Harvey

BW OH Profile 2 

Orlanda Harvey (MA) is a PhD student within the Faculty of Health and Social Sciences at Bournemouth University with a research interest in image and performance enhancing drug (PIED) use. After a spending 17 years in leadership and management training, she recently requalified as a Social Worker and became interested in PIED use after working with an Addiction Community Team. As a result her MA dissertation focused on identifying what Social Workers needed to know about people who chose to use PIED. Her PhD research project is a mixed methods study into anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use and aims to explore and describe how AAS use contributes to specific behavioural issues and what AAS users perceive as the barriers to and opportunities for accessing support services. She is also interested in the identification of effective pathways to share information on the risks associated with AAS use and the practice implications for social work and related inter-professional teams working in services that offer support to people who use AAS. Email Orlanda:

You can also find her on Twitter and LinkedIn.

Evelyn Hearne


Evelyn Hearne is a PhD researcher at the Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University and a DTA3/COFUND Marie Skłodowska-Curie Early Stage Researcher. Her mixed methods PhD research focuses on older male anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) users. The primary aim is to explore older AAS users’ decision-making processes, drug using practices, experiences, pathways, triggers, motivators, risk and harms across the life course. Evelyn has extensive experience working with and conducting qualitative research and is published in the areas of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs), novel psychoactive drug use, public health, harm reduction, homemade drug use, marginalised communities, internet drug monitoring, and the Dark Net. Email Evelyn:

Pia Johansson Heinsvig

Pia Johansson Heinsvig is a PhD student at the Department of Forensic Medicine at Aarhus University, Denmark. The title of her PhD project is ‘Doping agents in Denmark’ and aims to give an overview of the Danish doping market from a forensic point of view. First, seized anabolic-androgenic steroids are analysed and the content for each seizure will be identified in order to determine whether the products originate from an original or a counterfeit production. Then a combined urine and wastewater method targeting doping agents (focusing on steroids), selected medicine and narcotics will be developed. The method will be used to analyse urine samples obtained from a one-year clinical forensic examination of victims and offenders from police cases in Denmark and possible trends of doping use for each type of crime will be mapped. Finally, the method will also be used to analyse wastewater from selected point sources (fitness centres, sports events, etc.) to see whether this type of approach would be possible to implement in future anti-doping monitoring. Furthermore, Pia has developed and validated an analytical method to compare seizures of oil-based anabolic-androgenic steroids during her Master thesis project. This type of information can be used to assist the police in order to unravel the illicit doping market. Email Pia:

You can also follow her work on LinkedIn.

Kathryn (Kate) Henne:

Henne B&W

Kathryn (Kate) Henne is a Senior Research Fellow at the RegNet School of Regulation and Global Governance, Australian National University, as well as a Visiting Scholar at the Center for the Study of Law & Society, University of California, Berkeley. She is the author of Testing for Athlete Citizenship: Regulating Doping and Sex in Sport and has published a number of articles on the ideologies and social conditions that inform the regulation of drug use in sport and broader practices of bodily enhancement. She is currently conducting comparative research on regulatory approaches targeting performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) use across Oceania (with James Connor, University of New South Wales, and Vanessa McDermott, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology). She holds a MA and PhD (with a specialisation in Anthropologies of Medicine, Science and Technology) from the School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine and a MA from the College of Health and Human Services, California State University, Long Beach. She has received funding from the National Science Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, International Olympic Committee and World Anti-Doping Agency to support her work. Email Kate:

You can also follow her on her website ‘’, Twitter @k8henne, LinkedIn and ResearchGate.

April Henning:

Henning BW pic

April Henning, Ph.D., is Scholar in Residence at Brooklyn College in the U.S. Her work focuses on the impacts of anti-doping policies on athlete health, with a special interest in amateur sport. Her doctoral work focused on the experience of runners, and has since collaborated on research on cyclists and is working on projects looking at cross-national and cross-sport populations. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supported her post-doctoral work at NDRI. She has received additional research funding from the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). April is a member of USA Cycling’s Committee on Anti-Doping. Email April:

Prof. Vivian Hope


Vivian Hope, PhD MMedSc, is a Professor of Public Health at the Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University. Prior to joining the Public Health Institute he was a Principal Scientist at Public Health England, where he now holds an honorary appointment. Previously he has held public health research positions at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Imperial College London, and at the University of Birmingham. His work over the last two decades has focused on public health research and intelligence concerned with drug related harms and the responses to these, and also on sexual health. This work has had a particular focus on injecting drug use and infections. He is currently involved in a number of projects, and these include work looking at the harms associated with the injection of image and performance enhancing drugs. Email Vivian:

Aleksi Hupli


Aleksi Hupli is currently a PhD student in Sociology at the University of Tampere. His PhD work is focused on the policies and practices around human enhancement drug use, especially the use of ADHD medication for both pharmacological therapy and enhancement among ADHD adults and university students in Finland, the Netherlands and USA. Aleksi has a MSc in Medical Anthropology from the University of Amsterdam (2013) and a MSocSc in Sociology from the University of Helsinki (2014). In addition Aleksi is the Vice-President of the Amsterdam Society for Medical Social Scientists ( and a board member of the Finnish Association for Humane Drug Policy ( Email Aleksi:

You can also follow him on Twitter and LinkedIn, or check out his PhD related Facebook page called HyperAttention. Aleksi is also experimenting with visual methods on a Youtube channel called Drugventures.

Bengt Kayser, MD, Ph.D.

Bengt Kaiser photo

Bengt Kayser is full professor at the Institute of Sport Sciences and the Department of Physiology of the University of Lausanne in Switzerland. After his medical studies at the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands he engaged in a research career in the field of exercise physiology with a special interest in hypoxia. After obtaining his Ph.D. at the Free University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, he worked at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, before joining the University of Geneva in Switzerland. After preparing the merging of the Lausanne and Geneva institutes he now is at the University of Lausanne since 2013. His research interests concern the factors limiting endurance exercise performance, altitude medicine and physiology, respiratory mechanics during physical exercise, and the relationship between physical activity, energy balance and health in different settings. Besides these fields he has a keen interest in the ethics of doping and anti-doping, human enhancement, and substance use in general and has published several original papers and chapters on these topics. Email Bengt:

You can also find him on Research Gate, Google Scholar, and LinkedIn:

Joe Kean

Profile Picture Joe

Joe Kean is one of the Operational Team Managers at the Bridge Project in Bradford, a charity that supports families and individuals affected by substance misuse. He co created the Yorkshire and Humberside Steroids and IPED Consultation and Reference Group (the only one of its kind in the country), was a Public Health Advisory Committee Co-opted Member for PH52 update of NICE Guidance and has an MSc in Contemporary Issues in Drug Use. Joe currently holds an honorary position at CPH (visiting lecturer) and has a particular interest in researching the sub-populations within steroid and other image and performance enhancing drug using communities. He considers himself fortunate to have undertaken research projects and received subsequent co-authorship alongside (among others) Prof. Harrison Pope and Dr. Gen Kanayama from Harvard Medical School. Joe also run Nine Zero Five, a social enterprise who’s main contract is running the recruitment and engagement element of the National Image and Performance Enhancing Drug (IPED) Info Survey, which in 2015 was the largest face to face survey conducted of its kind ever on a global scale. Nine Zero Five also supports and delivers Steroid and IPED Training to services throughout the UK. Alongside his background in the social services sector he has also worked in the fitness industry for over 10 years, is a fully qualified personal trainer and L3 nutritionist, and a nationally competitive power lifter. Email Joe:

Niki Kiepek

BW Niki_headshot_0861b (Katinkas-MacBook-Air's conflicted copy 2017-09-13)

Niki Kiepek, PhD, MSc(OT) is an Assistant Professor at the Dalhousie University School of Occupational Therapy. Her program of research is focused on broadening the social understanding of substance use in Canada, with an emphasis on exploring the impact of substances on performance and experience. Niki is currently engaged in several projects regarding the use of substances by professionals and students in professional programs. She integrates several methodological approaches to learn about substance use within the context of people’s daily lives, including critical discourse analysis (CDA), surveys, qualitative interviews, and ecological momentary assessment (EMA), which uses an App-based data collection instrument. Her prior work has problematised Western concepts of denial and cognitive distortions as factors that can introduce biases into interpretations of personal accounts of substance use. Email Niki:

You can also follow her on Twitter.

Tony Knox

Tony BW

Tony Knox has a first-class honours degree in sociology, an MSc in the history of medicine and a postgraduate certificate in research methods. Since 2008 he has worked in academic research specialising in projects investigating addiction. He has worked on several high-profile studies including the Glasgow Recovery Project, The Scottish Prison Study on Blood Borne Viruses and until recently he managed the day-to-day running of the Needle Exchange Surveillance Initiative at the University of the West of Scotland. Tony has co-authored several articles on recovery from addiction and harm associated with injecting drugs. His main research interests are motivations for performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) use, vocabularies of motive regarding PIED use, and harm associated with the use of enhancement drugs. He is due to begin PhD study at the University of Birmingham in October 2017. The focus of his PhD will be harm associated with PIED use. Email Tony:

You can also follow him or his work via his blog, or on Facebook and Twitter.

Rosa Koenraadt, MA


Dr Rosa Koenraadt works as an assistant professor of criminology at the Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology since 2018. After obtaining her bachelor’s degree in Psychology at the University of Amsterdam and her master’s degree in Criminology at Utrecht University, she worked as a researcher and lecturer at the Willem Pompe Institute of Utrecht University. From 2013-2017 she conducted her PhD study within the Doctorate in Cultural and Global Criminology (DCGC) programme on the illicit pharmaceutical trade in the Netherlands and China. Email Rosa:

You can also find her on Twitter:@KoenraadtRosa, Academia: and LinkedIn.

Willem Koert:

BW Willem Koert

In the nineties, working as a sociologist, Willem Koert published ethnographic studies on the Dutch bodybuilding scene and the black market for anabolic steroids in the Netherlands. Since 1999 he has been working as a freelance investigating journalist, science writer and independent consultant with a special interest in legal and illegal body recompositioning technologies. His articles have appeared in health and fitness magazines and Dutch national newspapers. He initiated and, newsletters on resistance training, nutrition, fitness, longevity and performance enhancing drugs. E-mail Willem:

You can also follow him on TwitterLinkedIn, and

Jukka Koskelo

BW Picture Jukka  2

Jukka Koskelo has a background in exercise physiology and medical physics. He has worked in Dopinglinkki since 2010 and has been in charge of creating the existing stakeholder network. The Dopinglinkki online service, produced by the A-Clinic Foundation, provides research-based information on the adverse effects of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs). The free advice service is intended for fitness enthusiasts who use doping substances, their family members, professionals from different fields who meet PIED users in their work, and all those interested in the side effects of doping substances. Information is available in Finnish, Swedish, English and Russian. His interests include producing e-learning courses and developing online health services as well as scientific research. Email Jukka:

You can also find him on LinkedIn and follow Dopinglinkki on Twitter.

Lea Trier Krøll


Lea Trier Krøll is a PhD fellow at the Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research at Aarhus University, Denmark. Her PhD project ‘Everyday Life’s Medicine’ draws on sociological theories of time and examines in-depth qualitative interviews with Danish young adults, enrolled in University or College,  who have used prescription drugs for purposes other than those prescribed. She is particularly interested in examining the ways in which students employ prescription medicines to handle temporal conflicts in their everyday lives. E-mail Lea Trier:

Dimitris Liokaftos

Dimitris Liokaftos

Dimitris Liokaftos is a Marie Curie Fellow investigating drug-free (‘natural’) bodybuilding culture at the Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, and Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University. Working across the sociology of the body, health, sport and gender, he approaches pro-enhancement and anti-enhancement cultures in their dialectical relationship as co-constitutive of the wider phenomenon of human enhancement. In his book A Genealogy of Male Bodybuilding: from classical to freaky (Routledge Research in Sport, Culture and Society, 2017), the extreme, ‘freaky’ built body and its history can be read as a case study in the socio-cultural dynamics of human enhancement drugs. Dimitris has co-authored with Ask Vest Christiansen and Anders Schmidt Vinther an “Outline of a typology of men’s use of anabolic androgenic steroids in fitness and strength-training environments” (Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy Journal, 2016). He also co-organised with Jim McVeigh the Anabolic Steroids: Evidence and Engagement international conference (Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 2016) with the participation of researchers, health workers, users and policy makers. In the past Dimitris has worked as an Associate Lecturer at the Department of Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London, where he also completed his doctoral research on the historical development of male bodybuilding culture. Email Dimitris:

You can also follow his work on Academia

Maria Arantzazu Lopez Perez

Profile picture Maria 2

Maria Arantzazu Lopez Perez has a degree in Pharmacy from the University of Seville, and a master in Biomedicine from the University of Cádiz. She currently works as a Pharmaceutical Inspector of the Health Administration of the Junta de Andalucía in Spain. Her main duty is to verify compliance with the legislation on clinical trails in humans, distribution, prescription and dispensing of medicines specially susceptible to abuse and illegal trade and inspection of various forms of illegal trade in drugs (including doping substances). Her work involves combating health fraud, and detecting irregular use of drugs as well as prescription forgery detection. She also collaborates with the Spanish National Anti-Doping Agency (AEPSAD) in preventing doping use. She functions as a speaker focusing on the role of health administration in the fight against doping, and in the national campaign to prevent doping from pharmacies named ‘Protect your health, say no to doping’. Email Maria:

You can also find her on Twitter: @marantzazul.

John Mann


John Mann is a PhD student within the Sociology department at Manchester Metropolitan University. He holds a BA (Hons) in Sociology (Birmingham City University) and an MA in Social and Political Theory (University of Birmingham). The focus of his doctoral research is cognitive enhancing drug use among UK HE students. In addition to cognitive enhancing drugs, John’s interests also include, sociological approaches to drug use and ‘addiction’, and wider studies in these areas. As well as his doctoral study, John works as a Research Assistant and Sessional Tutor, in Sociology and Criminology and is also a member of the SUAB research group at Manchester Metropolitan University. Email John:

You can also follow his work on Twitter: John@runningsoc

Charlotte McLean:

BW Charlotte Mclean 2

Charlotte McLean is a Ph.D. researcher at The Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University. Her research focuses on the experiences of female competitive bodybuilders, and considers training, nutritional and supplementation strategies, including the use of performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) to increase muscularity. The study employs an ethnographic approach in order to explore perceptions, attitudes and the factors involved in the bodybuilding lifestyle as a whole, including any potential health implications. The overall aim is to ensure health care needs are met in this population. Charlotte has previously worked within the fitness industry and holds a first class BA (Hons) in Social Science, a PGCert in Social Science Research Methods and an MSc in Exercise & Nutrition Science. Email:

You can also find her on Twitter @musclekinetics, and ResearchGate.

Jim McVeigh

BW Jim McVeigh pic

Jim McVeigh is Director of the Centre for Public Health (CPH) in the Faculty of Education, Health & Community at Liverpool John Moores University. He is a Reader in Substance Use Epidemiology with research experience encompassing a wide range of drug related issues. However, his main interest remains the use of ‘human enhancement drugs’ in the general population, an area he has worked in since the early 1990s. Prior to his research career he worked as a Registered General Nurse providing healthcare and promoting harm reduction and HIV prevention with injecting drug users. He joined Liverpool John Moores University in 1998 and has built an international reputation in the field of drug use. He has co-authored more than 100 research reports, 50 journal papers, presented at some of the most influential national and international conferences and been invited to contribute to a number of national and international groups and collaborations. Email Jim:

You can also find him on Twitter: @mcveigh_jim and LinkedIn.

Verner Møller:

BW Profile pic verner-moeller 2

Verner Møller is Professor of Sport and Body Culture at Department of Public Health – Section for Sport Science, Aarhus University, Denmark -, where he is head of the Sport and Body Culture research unit. He is founder of the International Network of Doping Research which he led from 2002-12. From 2009-2013 he was Visiting Professor at George Mason University, USA. He research focuses on elite sport and body cultural extremes. Since 1998 he has devoted much of his research time to the study doping and anti-doping. Email Verner:

Dr Kyle Mulrooney

BW Kyle-Mulrooney (1) 2

Dr. Kyle Mulrooney holds a Ph.D. in Cultural and Global Criminology from the University of Kent and Universität Hamburg, an MA in the Sociology of Law from the International Institute for the Sociology of Law and a BA (Honours) in Criminology and Justice from the University of Ontario Institute of Technology. Kyle is a Lecturer in Criminology at the University of New England. His primary research area is the Sociology of punishment. Kyle’s current research project examines how Canada’s political culture is the cause for the jurisidctions resistance against penal populism, a governing strategy that achieved much politcal success and penal impact elsewhere. Following this research on the politics of punishment, he has taken an interest in the politics and policies surrounding the consumption and regulation of human enhancement drugs. His research in this field aims to explore the use of human enhancement drugs in society and to identify policy strategies which attend to this issue from a socio-cultural and public health perspective. Together with colleagues, Kyle is currently working on an article which asks whether the ‘dark-side’ of steroids has been overstated, as well as an edited collection entitled Human Enhancement Drugs with Routledge due out in 2019. Email Kyle:

You can also find him on Twitter: @MulrooneyKyle, Academia:, and LinkedIn:

Marie Overbye:

BW Marie Overbye

Marie Overbye, Ph.D., is a lecturer at the Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling. In 2013 she completed her Ph.D. at the University of Copenhagen. Subsequently she worked as a postdoc at University of Southern Denmark. She has, among other things, researched which factors may have an impact on elite athletes’ decision to use doping or not, as well as grey zones, potential dilemmas and risk and protective factors among elite athletes. Moreover, how key elements of current anti-doping policy (e.g., the whereabouts-reporting system, the Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) system, the prohibited list of substances, doping controls and sanctions) have an impact on elite athletes’ everyday lives, as well as how athletes perceive key policy elements and their implementation. The Danish Council for Strategic Research financed her Ph.D. project. In addition, she has carried out the work on a WADA funded project. Email Marie:

You can also follow her work on Researchgate.

Arron Owen

IBW MG_3223 2

Arron Owen is an Area Manager for a national substance misuse organisation and is currently based in the Midlands. He is interested in the responses of substance misuse services to performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) use including needle exchange service and workforce education. This is to ensure that health and treatment services are equipped to address use and that PIED users are aware of the service available to them. Arron operates the Steroid Education website where advice and information can be sought for new and experienced PIED users as well as workers within the field. Arron is an active CrossFit competitor having moved from Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu several years ago. Email Arron:

You can also find him on Twitter – @ArronOwen1 and @sted-ed – and LinkedIn.

Prof. Andrea Petroczi

CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 90

Andrea Petróczi is a Professor of Public Health at Kingston University London. Andrea’s research is centred on behavioural choices with public health implications, where short term gains are traded off for potential health consequences later in life; and method development. With a strong commitment to multidisciplinary research spanning across disciplines allied to medicine and psychology, her research explores the various forms of human enhancements (performance, appearance and experience), reasons that justifies and the mental representations of such practices in the broader context of human enhancement. Andrea is an internationally recognised expert in social science doping and anti-doping research. She provides consultancy to the World Anti-Doping Agency, serves as an advisor for the Commonwealth Scholarship Commission in the UK and as a member for the Editorial Boards of Psychology of Sport and Exercise (Elsevier); and Substance Abuse, Treatment, Prevention and Policy (BMC). Her research has attracted funding from the European Union, World-Anti Doping Agency, The International Olympic Committee, the National Prevention Research Initiative/Medical Research Council, The British Academy and the European Council. Recently, in collaboration with Prof. Paul Norman, she contributed to the World Anti-Doping Agency’s preventive online educational tool (Athlete Learning Program about Health & Anti-Doping, ALPHA). Email Andrea:

You can also find her on Academia:, and LinkedIn.

Margit Anne Petersen

Margit Anne Petersen

Margit Anne Petersen is an anthropologist with a research focus on substance use as a technology of optimization. Her doctoral research focused on cognitive enhancement practices among university students in New York City and Copenhagen, with a particular focus on the moral dilemmas that arise with such drug use. She currently holds a post doc position at the Department of Marketing and Management at The University of Southern Denmark, where she is part of a collaborative research project called ‘The Self as a Laboratory’, investigating optimization practices based on substances, spirituality and technology. The project is funded by the Danish National Research Council. Email Margit:

Follow Margit’s work on Twitter and Academia.

Dr. Harrison G. Pope

BW picture Pope 2.jpg

Dr. Harrison G. Pope, Jr. is a Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts, USA and Chief of the Biological Psychiatry Laboratory at McLean Hospital in Belmont, Massachusetts. Dr. Pope has authored more than 300 peer-reviewed papers on a wide range of topics in psychiatry, including the diagnosis and treatment of psychotic disorders, major mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders. Starting in the 1990s, he began to focus increasingly on substance use disorders and has published extensively on the effects of cannabis, hallucinogens, ecstasy, and especially anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS). In 2003 Dr. Pope was named by the Institute for Scientific Information as one of the world’s most widely cited psychiatrists/psychologists and also as one of the most widely cited neuroscientists. Dr. Pope has been an avid weightlifter for more than 35 years, and thus has had much first-hand contact with AAS users. He began research in this area in the 1980s, and has now published more than 40 papers on AAS use and related topics. These papers have encompassed the psychiatric effects of AAS, the association of AAS use with male body image disorders, studies of the epidemiology of AAS use, and studies of the neuropsychiatric and medical consequences of long-term AAS exposure. Dr. Pope has presented the findings of this research at a wide range of scientific meetings and conferences in North America, Europe, and in Asia; he has also appeared in numerous documentary films on the subject, such as “the Man Whose Arms Exploded” and “Bigger, Faster, Stronger.” He is also interviewed frequently in the popular media, with radio and television appearances worldwide, including “60 minutes” and “20-20” in the United States and the BBC World News in the United Kingdom. Dr. Pope has also testified about anabolic-androgenic steroid use before the United States Congress and other federal bodies. Currently, Dr. Pope is completing a five-year study, funded by the United States National Institute on Drug Abuse, focusing on cardiac function in long-term anabolic steroid users. Email Harrison:

Andrew Preston

BW Andrew_Portrait 2

Andrew has been writing plain English drug information for over 25 years, and founded unique social enterprise Exchange Supplies to improve the harm reduction response to drug use by developing innovative products and publications for injecting drug users, needle exchanges, and drug services. Published information includes anabolic steroid dose and effects book and poster – both available free online HERE. Exchange Supplies also sell equipment direct to users online. Email Andrew:

You can also follow him on Twitter and find more information regarding Exchange Supplies via their website and Facebook Page.

Stephanie Raymond

Picture S.Raymond

Stephanie Raymond is a Sociology Ph.D. Candidate, Research Assistant and Guest Lecturer from The University of Queensland, Australia. Her doctoral project is the first of its kind worldwide to offer a sociological analysis of the social practice of ‘melanotanning’ (use of the synthetic melanocortin, Melanotan) in the Australian context. Using qualitative methods to engage directly with Melanotan users, this investigation seeks to more thoroughly understand user experience, as well as provide novel theorisations about the implications of this practice in the context of public health messages about sun safety; human enhancement drugs (HEDs), and traditional models of healthcare. Stephanie has been received by the Translational Research Institute, The Conversation, ABC Radio and The Australian Sociological Association, to discuss the preliminary findings of this research, and is making forthcoming efforts to publish through peer-reviewed journals as her candidature progresses. Please contact Stephanie with any interest in this project, or to discuss potential interdisciplinary collaborations. More information about the project can be found here: Email Stephanie:

Andrew Richardson

Andrew BW

Andrew Richardson is a 23 year old from Northern Ireland achieving degrees in Sport Science at BSc (1st Class Honors) and MSc (Merit) level. Now finishing off his postgraduate certificate in education (PGCE) at Teesside University in May 2018. Andrew is a two-times bronze medallist at the International Powerlifting Federation (IPF) World University Championships in 2016 for the squat and deadlift events in the men’s 105kg class. He also coached for Teesside University Powerlifting team since 2013 winning the coveted Northern University Championships twice during this period. Andrew’s MSc was based on male body image and body dysmorphia surrounding the use of androgenic-anabolic steroid use. Another MSc project was tasked on interviewing image and performance enhancing drug (IPED) users across the UK using a qualitative approach. Post PGCE, Andrew is starting his role as President of Activities at Teesside University where he hopes to make the staff and students aware of the ever growing use of IPEDs. Andrew has worked for Change Grow Living as a Gym Instructor/Gym Project Lead (2017/2018) at the Live Well Center in Middlesbrough (part of his PGCE placement). Andrew has a keen interest in mental health, strength and conditioning, physical activity, body image, body dysmorphia and IPEDs. Email Andrew:

You can also follow Andrew on Twitter and Facebook, and stay up to date about his work by following his blog.

Mike Salines:

Salinas Profile Photo BW

Mike Salinas, Ph.D., is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology in the Department of Sociology at Manchester Metropolitan University, UK. He is a criminologist with particular expertise and experience in ethnographic methods, offending careers over the life-course, illegal drug markets, and drug use. His most recent ethnographic project was undertaken in a ‘hardcore’ bodybuilding gym. The study looked at the myriad motives of IPED users, their extensive polysubstance use, as well as the localised IPED market that feed local demand. He is currently studying service provisions for IPED users to help inform better practice. Email Mike:

You can also follow him on Twitter.

Marcel Scharf

Pic BW Marcel Scharf 2

Marcel Scharf is a sport scientist Ph.D. Candidate and Research Assistant at the German Sport University Cologne at the Institute of Pedagogy and Philosophy. Since 2012 he is researching for his doctoral project on doping controls and side-effects into athletes’ privacy together with Dr. habil Nils Zurawski at the University Hamburg. Until 2015 he was working for more than 7 years at the accredited anti-doping laboratory Cologne, Institute of Biochemistry at the German Sport University Cologne. Currently he is involved into the Projects: Action Program Genetechnology in Competitive Sport (AGICS – and Evaluation of the Anti-Doping Prevention Program “Together against Doping” (National Anti-Doping Agency Germany). His work interests include: doping, gene-doping, neuro-enhancement, privacy, technology, technology assessment, social sorting, surveillance, system theory. For further information, about his work: Email Marcel:

You can also follow his work on ResearchGate and LinkedIn.

Kate Seear

BW Kate Seear photo 2

Dr Kate Seear is a Senior Lecturer in Law at Monash University, Australia. She holds an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA) Fellowship (2016-2018). Kate is a practising lawyer, the Academic Director of Springvale Monash Legal Service, and an Adjunct Research Fellow in the Social Studies of Addiction Concepts research program in the National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Australia. She has written extensively on the intersections between alcohol and other drug use, drug law and policy, stigma and discrimination. She is the author, among other things, of the world’s first full-length social science book on hepatitis C and injecting drug use (together with Professor Suzanne Fraser), called Making disease, making citizens: The politics of hepatitis C (published by Ashgate). Much of Kate’s work is empirical, qualitative and interdisciplinary in nature, and draws upon a range of perspectives and disciplines including science and technology studies, feminist theory, new materialisms, legal ethics and human rights. Together with Professor Suzanne Fraser, Professor David Moore, Dr Campbell Aitken and Ms Kay Stanton, she is presently undertaking research into the rise of performance and image enhancing drug injecting in Australia. This project funded by the Australian Research Council (DP170100302) explores opportunities for improving harm reduction. Kate holds honours degrees in sociology and law, and a PhD, all from Monash University. Email Kate:

You can also Kate on Twitter and for project updates, go to:

Anders Schmidt Vinther:

Anders Profile

Anders Schmidt Vinther is currently employed at Department of Health and Culture, Aalborg Municipality, Denmark. He is the project leader of Aalborg Anti-doping, a local community-based project that seeks to prevent the use of doping substances, especially steroids and image-enhancing drugs, among young men and women in the municipality. He holds a MS in Sports Science from Section for Sports Science, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University. With many years of engagement with and experience from strength training environments, especially bodybuilding and powerlifting, he has an academic as well as a personal interest in the topic of human enhancement. Email Anders:

You can also find him on LinkedIn.

Jamie Tully:

BW Pic Jamie Tully 2

I am a Ph.D. student with Liverpool John Moores University. I have a B.Sc. in Applied Psychology, and an M.Sc. in Health Psychology. My area of research is in cognitive enhancement strategies, primarily the use of pharmaceutical stimulants and their utility as a study aid among UK university students. I am also interested in the efficacy of these substances, i.e. the extent to which they enhance aspects of cognition, and how they are can be utilised in a real world, academic setting. Email Jamie:

You can also follow Jamie on Twitter: @J_L_Tull.

Mair Underwood

BW november 2016

Dr Mair Underwood is an anthropologist and Lecturer at the University of Queensland. She specializes in human bodies and particularly their modification. In particular she explores how body modifications (such as tattoo or bodybuilding) are used to create, reflect and disrupt social boundaries such as those of gender and class. Her current interest is in the social lives of image and performance enhancing drugs: how they acquire meaning through social interactions and how they alter social interactions. She has been conducting an online ethnography of recreational bodybuilding since 2015. Email Mair:

You can also follow her on ResearchGate and LinkedIn.

Eric Vandenabeele


Eric Vandenabeele is the Director of, the Belgian Union of Fitness Employers, recognized by the Belgium government since 2003. Under the umbrella of he is co-founder, coordinator and board member of De FitnessOrganisatie, an organization endorsed and supported by the Flemish government for policy support and practical development concerning health and ethics in the fitness sector. In this position, together with the Minister of Sport, he introduced an anti-doping charter for the fitness industry in 2015. Eric was club owner until 2000, assistant lecturer at the Brussels University until 2016 and lecturer at the Erasmus Bachelor School until 2012. Currently he is also presenting a self-created daily activity program for seniors on Eclips TV introducing fitter@home and fitter@work. Under the umbrella of he works on social dialogue, social economic support, professional qualifications (test center Early Acquired Competences / BReps). Giving clean Fitness a place in preventive healthcare is his biggest ambition. Email Eric:

You can follow Eric on Twitter.

Katinka van de Ven, Ph.D.


Katinka van de Ven, Ph.D., holds a M.Sc. in Psychology and a M.A. in Criminology from the Utrecht University. Her Ph.D. focused on the production, distribution and use of anabolic-androgenic steroids and other image enhancing drugs in Belgium and the Netherlands. For this research, she received the Research Prize Award from the University of Kent in 2016. She currently works as a Research Fellow at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) at the University of New South Wales. In addition, she in collaboration with her colleague Kyle Mulrooney created the Human Enhancement Drug Network ( The goal of the network and website is to provide evidence-based information, to share knowledge and experience, to provide harm reduction and human enhancement drug (HED) education, and to collaborate in this growing field of HEDs. Her research interests are in the field of HEDs, drug use and supply, harm reduction, drug policy, anti-doping, health, nutrition and sports. Outside of her academic career, Van de Ven is also highly active in Crossfit, both as a trainer and coach, and bodybuilding, and in her spare time advises clients on nutrition and supplements. Email Katinka:

You can also find her on Twitter: @KatinkavandeVen, Academia:, and LinkedIn:

Dr. Marie Claire Van Hout


Dr. Marie Claire Van Hout has a Ph.D., M.Sc. Addiction (International Programme in Addiction Studies), and a M.Sc. Health Promotion. She is a Professor of Public Health Policy and Practice at the Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom. Van Hout has over 15 years research experience in the field of substance misuse,  public health, pharmaco and addict-vigilance. She coordinates the ENCePP registered Substance Misuse Research at WIT with studies registered on the European Network of Centres for Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacovigilance (ENCePP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA). She is an Associate Member of staff at the Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Research Unit of the South African Medical Research Council (MRC), and Visiting Research Fellow at the Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moore’s University, UK. She has consulted as Training Specialist for the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), as Expert Evaluator for the European Research Executive Agency (REA-EC) on the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions “RISE” (Research and Innovation Staff Exchange), as Vice Chair for the ITN (Innovative Training Networks) ‘Life ‘ panel H2020-MSCA-ITN 2016, and as Independent Project Evaluator for United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). She is currently Editor in Chief of the Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse. Email Marie Claire:

Elisabeth Julie Vargo


Elisabeth Julie Vargo achieved her PhD at Kingston University London in October 2015. In broad terms, her research involves the exploration of “functional” drug use among young people. She is interested in the psycho-social aspects of the phenomenon and combines quantitative (self-reports, IATs) and qualitative (interviews, focus groups) research processes to explore and predict behaviours related to using and misusing drugs. Topics investigated in her research include drug and youth cultures, drug policy and harm reduction interventions related to prescription drug, performance and image enhancing drug, doping and recreational drug use. She is also interested in developing implicit measures to identify drug use related behaviours. Email Julie:

You can also follow here work on Researchgate.

Alvin Westmaas:

BW Profile Pic Alvin 2

Alvin Westmaas is a Ph.D. researcher associated with Maastricht University and an Assistant Professor at the University of Amsterdam. As a mixed-method researcher, he has a strong preference for conducting research within difficult to reach populations in order to identify and understand the mechanisms related to taboo-related behaviors. During his Ph.D. trajectory, he spent time researching migrant populations in the Netherlands by means of a spiral approach research. Alvin Westmaas is also known for his expertise in culturally based and culturally sensitive research, focusing on both the positive, unique and negative beliefs within a community. Lastly, he was involved in different studies for developing/identifying a common language between healthcare providers and the research population. At the moment, Alvin is working on research, which integrates both social and health psychology by means of the Intervention Mapping protocol. His work focuses on understanding the mechanisms in motivation of recreational gym users and competitive athletes for using performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs). Also, he is focusing on the experienced stigma of, and the attitude from the social environment towards gym users and performance and image enhancing drug users. As he is a competitive fitness athlete himself, he has easier access to the research population and is closer to the influencing factors of sports. Email Alvin:

You can also find him on Twitter: @ah_westmaas, ResearchGate, and LinkedIn.

Renee Zahnow

BW Zahnow_photo copy 2

Dr. Renee Zahnow is a research fellow at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia. She has expertise in spatial and longitudinal analysis and has applied her expertise to examine spatio-temporal patterns of a range of social problems such as crime, disorder, drug use (including performance and image enhancing drugs), disaster effects and fire. Currently Renee has an interest in applying spatial and longitudinal methods to better understand patterns of alcohol and drug use in Australia and globally. She has a particular interest in understanding life-course trajectories of human enhancement drug (HED) users and factors associated with initiation and cessation of steroids and other HED use. Email Renee:

You can also follow her on Academia and ResearchGate.

Habil Nils Zurawski:

BW nilz_urbanize2014_crop 2

Dr. Habil Nils Zurawski 
is a sociologist, Anthropologist, Criminologist, and senior researcher at the University of Hamburg (institute for Criminological Research), and he is a visiting professor at the TU Darmstadt (2015/16: teaching urban sociology). His work interests include: surveillance, technology, political anthropology, esp. security related issues, doping, sports politics, violence and conflict. Since 2012 he is researching on doping controls and doping together with Marcel Scharf from the German Sports University of Cologne. Nils Zurawski is involved in the Surveillance Studies Network, an editor of Surveillance & Society and blogs at: You can find his personal website, where you will find articles, talks, tests and else, here:;. Email Nils:

You can also follow him on Twitter: @doctornilz.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s