Neha Prasad Ainsworth:

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Neha Ainsworth is a Ph.D. student currently at Kingston University (England). She has a B.A. in Philosophy and Psychology and a M.Sc. in Neuroscience. Neha has an interest in performance enhancing drug (PED) use in the gym-going population. As well as researching PEDs, she enjoys lecturing about the subject. She is very familiar with the population, being a competitive power-lifter herself. Email Neha: k1545825@kingston.ac.uk.

Jamie Annakin

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Jamie Annakin (MSc) is a Ph.D. student at Birmingham City University with a research interest in image and performance enhancing drug (PIED) use amongst male bodybuilders. Having worked in a wide range of community based health improvement programmes (including cardiac rehabilitation, tobacco control and public mental health) for over 15 years he is currently a public health substance misuse programme manager in the West Midlands. His responsibilities include substance misuse prevention interventions and treatment services, offender management, alcohol licensing and trading standards work programmes. Jamie holds PGcert’s in Research Practice and Mental Health Studies with previous research topics including male suicide prevention and the exploration of risk behaviours amongst men following job loss. Email Jamie: Jamie.Annakin@mail.bcu.ac.uk.

You can also follow him on Twitter: @AnnakinJamie.

Georgios A. Antonopoulos:

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Georgios A. Antonopoulos is a Professor of Criminology at the School of Social Sciences and Law at Teesside University. His research interests include ‘organised crime’ and illegal markets such as for medicine and anabolic steroids. He is currently involved in European Commission-funded project on the online trade in counterfeit pharmaceuticals (FAKECARE project). He also conducts an ethnographic study on the illegal trade of anabolic steroids in the UK. E-mail Georgios: g.antonopoulos@tees.ac.uk

You can also follow him on Twitter @Keyser_Soze_13.

Susan Backhouse

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Susan Backhouse is a Professor of Psychology and Behavioural Nutrition and Head of the Centre for Sports Performance at Leeds Beckett University, UK. In 2007 she was commissioned by WADA to undertake the first systematic literature review on the social psychology of doping in sport. Since then, Susan and her research team at Leeds Beckett University have established a programme of research investigating the use of performance and image enhancing substances from multiple stakeholder perspectives (e.g., athlete, athlete support personnel, recreational user). In order to pursue this research agenda, Susan and her team have received funding from the International Olympic Committee, European Commission, World Anti-Doping Agency, International Athletics Foundation and Rugby Football Union. Susan is a researcher-practitioner, serving as a UKAD National Trainer and a member of the UKAD Research Steering Committee. In 2012 she was an invited member of the European Union Ad-hoc Expert Group on Doping in Recreational Sport, producing EU wide prevention guidelines. In terms of professional body affiliations, Susan is a Fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. Email Sue: S.Backhouse@leedsbeckett.ac.uk.

You can also find her on Twitter: @susanbackhouseLinkedIn, and ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Susan_Backhouse.

Mark Berry:

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Mark Berry is a Ph.D. researcher at Cardiff University in Wales. His research is an ethnographic study of the illicit market in a medium sized city in England. In the broadest of terms his research aims to uncover how and why, criminals produce and distribute illicit substances. Whilst his research covers a multitude of drug types, he has spent a great deal of time in the field documenting the practices of wholesale anabolic steroid producers and has taken a keen interest in performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs). Mark is currently a trustee for the International Association for the Study of Organised Crime. Email Mark: BerryMA1@cardiff.ac.uk.

You can also find him on Twitter: @MarkAshtonBerry and LinkedIn.

Ian Boardley:

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After obtaining a 1st Class B.Sc. (Hons) in Sport Science at the University of Leeds, Ian completed a Ph.D. in Sport Psychology at the University of Birmingham. On completing his Ph.D. in 2008, he started work as a researcher and lecturer at the University of Birmingham. His research spans a number of areas relevant to moral issues in sport and exercise psychology, but his predominant focus recently has been on the psychosocial processes that underpin the use of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs) in sport, exercise and dance. This work has been supported by funding from the World Anti-Doping Agency (2010, 2013, 2015) and the International Olympic Committee (2015). Ian is internationally recognized for his work introducing the construct of moral disengagement to the field of sport and exercise morality research, and this is a construct he continues to investigate with respect to IPED use. Most recently he has also started to investigate the use of cognitive enhancers in student populations too. He applies both quantitative and qualitative methodologies in his research depending on the particular research question being addressed. Email Ian: I.d.boardley@bham.ac.uk.

You can also follow him on Twitter: @mdsportex

Ashley R. Bullard


Ashley R. Bullard is a doctoral researcher at the University of Leeds in the department for the School of Sociology and Social Policy. His main interest is the role of rationality in the making of social policy generally, but drug policy specifically. This has resulted in a focus upon cognition enhancers as a unique case within drug policy that disrupts long-standing boundaries of drug categorisation, and opens up more explicit considerations of the role of the imagined ideal human/citizen in policy processes. Ashley has a Bachelor’s Degree in Sociology and Sociology Policy (First) and Masters in Social Research (Distinction), which he also obtained at the University of Leeds. He was involved in drug policy reform activism during his time as an undergraduate before turning towards academia to pursue his political interests.

Ashley can be contacted by email: a.bullard1@leeds.ac.uk, or on twitter: @AshleyRBullard; more inform available from his institutional profile; or at Academia.edu.

Ross Coomber:


Ross Coomber, Ph.D., is Professor and Director of the Griffith Criminology Institute, Griffith University, Australia. Until recently he was Professor of Sociology and Director of the Drug and Alcohol Research Unit at Plymouth University (UK). He has been involved in researching a wide range of issues relating to drug use, drug supply and formal and informal interventions in many societies around the world for over twenty-five years. He has published extensively within the drug field and is the author of Pusher Myths: Re-Situating the Drug Dealer (2006) and co-editor (with Nigel South) of Drug Use and Cultural Contexts ‘Beyond the West’ (2004) (both Free Association Books) among others. His latest book is Key Concepts in Crime and Society (2015) published by Sage (co-authored with Joe Donnermyer, Karen McElrath and John Scott). Ross has been publishing on the issue of image and performance enhancing substances (IPEDs), on and off, for many years. He was an early (1992) advocate of harm reduction approaches to performance enhancing drug (PED) use in professional sport, and in broader policy terms, that there are many myths and contradictions about fairness in the sporting world (1998) that confound simple doping policy. More recently (2013a) he has tried to show how much of what happens in ant-doping policy in the sporting world has its roots in, and mirrors, responses to illicit drugs in the non-sporting world.  His latest research (2015) relates much supply of IPEDs at the local non-professional and semi-professional levels to be closer to friend/social supply than dealing proper and should be treated as such by the criminal justice system. He also strongly believes that the use of recreational drugs should not be the remit of sporting authorities or bodies such as WADA (2013b). Email Ross: r.coomber@griffith.edu.au.

You can also find him on Twitter @RossCoomber1 and ResearchGate.

Kelsey Erickson

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Kelsey Erickson has recently completed her Ph.D. at Leeds Beckett University (UK). Her principal research interest is the use of performance enhancing substances (PES) within sport, while her Ph.D. focussed on exploring the interplay between risk and protective factors amongst cross-national (UK and US) university level track and field athletes with regards to performance enhancing methods in sport. Additionally, it explored the impact of doping amongst elite level track and field athletes. As such, her programme of research was partially funded by the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF). Following the recent completion of her Ph.D., Kelsey will soon be returning to the US to commence a two-year postdoctoral research position funded by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in cooperation with Leeds Beckett University. The project, an extension of her doctoral research, will involve designing, implementing and evaluating an intervention to promote Clean Sport within university student-athlete populations in the US, UK and Canada. Email Kelsey: k.erickson@leedsbeckett.ac.uk.

You can also find her on Twitter: @kelslee777, Academia: https://leedsbeckett.academia.edu/KelseyErickson, and LinkedIn.

Kevin Flemen:

Kevin Flemen is a drug and alcohol trainer based in the UK. Having set up the KFx drugs awareness website in 2002 he now runs over a hundred courses a year. Although working across all areas of drug and alcohol use in community settings, Kevin has a specialism in novel psychoactive substances (NSPs) and harm reduction. This has included helping generic drugs workers better address the needs of performance and image enhancing drug users. These courses seek to act as a bridge between the highly specialised knowledge of those working in sports clinics and the core knowledge and skills essential in drug and alcohol services and needle exchanges. Kevin also has interests in novel psychoactive substances, drugs and housing and drug legislation. Email Kevin: kevin@kfx.org.uk.

You can also find him on Twitter @kfxnews.

Jennifer Germain, BSc, MSc

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Jennifer holds a B.Sc. in Psychology and a M.Sc. in Research Methods from The University of Liverpool and since 2009 has worked as a researcher in the fields of nursing, obesity and violence. She is currently a Ph.D. researcher at The Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University. Her research focuses on the use of unlicensed weight loss drugs, specifically 2,4 dinitrophenol (DNP), sibutramine and rimonabant in females. In carrying out this research she also has developed an interest in online research methodologies and her research aims to develop the use of online forums in research. Her broader research interests are around eating behaviour, weight management and obesity. Email: J.S.Germain@2014.ljmu.ac.uk.

You can also find her on LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/jenniferbrizell

Prof Gill Green

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Gill Green is a Professor of Medical Sociology in the School of Health and Social Care, University of Essex. Gill has been researching aspects of chronic illness since the early 1990s with a focus on the psychosocial impact of HIV and more recently upon people with other chronic illnesses. She has also been the Chief Investigator on a number of research projects related to socially excluded groups such as the lived experiences of offenders with substance misuse problems and people living in low income households. She is currently leading an evaluation of the Steroids, Weights, Education and Therapy (SWEAT) Project which was awarded Big Lottery, UK funding to support users of image and performance enhancing drugs. The service provided by Open Road includes the provision of education and awareness about image and performance enhancing drug (IPED) use to prevent long-term health issues and improve overall wellbeing among steroid users. E-mail Gill: gillgr@essex.ac.uk

Nic Groombridge:

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Nic Groombridge BA, MA, MA, PhD, is a criminologist. His book Sports Criminology argues neither sports law nor the sociology of sport adequately tackles what happens in and around sport. But criminology has long ignored sport. In society criminology has sought to understand drugs but in sport has ‘taken its eye of the ball’ and ceded too much to the authorities of which a critical criminology would be critical. It is worth relativising some issues; for instance; might vitamins be seen as a gateway drug? A runner himself, he enjoys sport for itself, rather than a form of crime prevention or even ‘cause’ of crime. He tweets on these and other criminological matters @criminology4u. Email Nic: nicholas.groombridge@stmarys.ac.uk.

Alexandra Hall:

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Alexandra Hall, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology  at Northumbria University, UK. Alex is committed to transdisciplinary research paradigms and her main interests lie at the intersections of criminology, critical political economy and cultural studies. She conducts research on illicit markets (counterfeit goods, pharmaceutical, psychoactive, and performance and image enhancing drugs), cybercrime and criminal financing. Alex’s empirical and theoretical book exploring the online counterfeit medicine trade (with Georgios A. Antonopoulos) has been published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2016. Email Alex: Alexandra.Hall@tees.ac.uk.

You can also find Alex on Twitter: @alexandra_hall3 and Academia.

Evelyn Hearne


Evelyn Hearne is a PhD researcher at the Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University and a DTA3/COFUND Marie Skłodowska-Curie Early Stage Researcher. Her mixed methods PhD research focuses on older male anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) users. The primary aim is to explore older AAS users’ decision-making processes, drug using practices, experiences, pathways, triggers, motivators, risk and harms across the life course. Evelyn has extensive experience working with and conducting qualitative research and is published in the areas of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs), novel psychoactive drug use, public health, harm reduction, homemade drug use, marginalised communities, internet drug monitoring, and the Dark Net. Email Evelyn: E.Hearne@ljmu.ac.uk.

Orlanda Harvey

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Orlanda Harvey (MA) is a PhD student within the Faculty of Health and Social Sciences at Bournemouth University with a research interest in image and performance enhancing drug (PIED) use. After a spending 17 years in leadership and management training, she recently requalified as a Social Worker and became interested in PIED use after working with an Addiction Community Team. As a result her MA dissertation focused on identifying what Social Workers needed to know about people who chose to use PIED. Her PhD research project is a mixed methods study into anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use and aims to explore and describe how AAS use contributes to specific behavioural issues and what AAS users perceive as the barriers to and opportunities for accessing support services. She is also interested in the identification of effective pathways to share information on the risks associated with AAS use and the practice implications for social work and related inter-professional teams working in services that offer support to people who use AAS. Email Orlanda: harveyo@bournemouth.ac.uk

You can also find her on Twitter and LinkedIn.

Prof. Vivian Hope


Vivian Hope, PhD MMedSc, is a Professor of Public Health at the Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University. Prior to joining the Public Health Institute he was a Principal Scientist at Public Health England, where he now holds an honorary appointment. Previously he has held public health research positions at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Imperial College London, and at the University of Birmingham. His work over the last two decades has focused on public health research and intelligence concerned with drug related harms and the responses to these, and also on sexual health. This work has had a particular focus on injecting drug use and infections. He is currently involved in a number of projects, and these include work looking at the harms associated with the injection of image and performance enhancing drugs. Email Vivian: V.D.Hope@ljmu.ac.uk.

Joe Kean

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Joe Kean is one of the Operational Team Managers at the Bridge Project in Bradford, a charity that supports families and individuals affected by substance misuse. He co created the Yorkshire and Humberside Steroids and IPED Consultation and Reference Group (the only one of its kind in the country), was a Public Health Advisory Committee Co-opted Member for PH52 update of NICE Guidance and has an MSc in Contemporary Issues in Drug Use. Joe currently holds an honorary position at CPH (visiting lecturer) and has a particular interest in researching the sub-populations within steroid and other image and performance enhancing drug using communities. He considers himself fortunate to have undertaken research projects and received subsequent co-authorship alongside (among others) Prof. Harrison Pope and Dr. Gen Kanayama from Harvard Medical School. Joe also run Nine Zero Five, a social enterprise who’s main contract is running the recruitment and engagement element of the National Image and Performance Enhancing Drug (IPED) Info Survey, which in 2015 was the largest face to face survey conducted of its kind ever on a global scale. Nine Zero Five also supports and delivers Steroid and IPED Training to services throughout the UK. Alongside his background in the social services sector he has also worked in the fitness industry for over 10 years, is a fully qualified personal trainer and L3 nutritionist, and a nationally competitive power lifter. Email Joe: Joseph.Kean@bradford.nhs.uk.

John Mann


John Mann is a PhD student within the Sociology department at Manchester Metropolitan University. He holds a BA (Hons) in Sociology (Birmingham City University) and an MA in Social and Political Theory (University of Birmingham). The focus of his doctoral research is cognitive enhancing drug use among UK HE students. In addition to cognitive enhancing drugs, John’s interests also include, sociological approaches to drug use and ‘addiction’, and wider studies in these areas. As well as his doctoral study, John works as a Research Assistant and Sessional Tutor, in Sociology and Criminology and is also a member of the SUAB research group at Manchester Metropolitan University. Email John: John.mann@stu.mmu.ac.uk.

You can also follow his work on Twitter: John@runningsoc

Charlotte McLean:

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Charlotte McLean is a Ph.D. researcher at The Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University. Her research focuses on the experiences of female competitive bodybuilders, and considers training, nutritional and supplementation strategies, including the use of performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) to increase muscularity. The study employs an ethnographic approach in order to explore perceptions, attitudes and the factors involved in the bodybuilding lifestyle as a whole, including any potential health implications. The overall aim is to ensure health care needs are met in this population. Charlotte has previously worked within the fitness industry and holds a first class BA (Hons) in Social Science, a PGCert in Social Science Research Methods and an MSc in Exercise & Nutrition Science. Email: C.N.Mclean@2014.ljmu.ac.uk.

You can also find her on Twitter @musclekinetics, and ResearchGate.

Jim McVeigh

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Jim McVeigh is Director of the Centre for Public Health (CPH) in the Faculty of Education, Health & Community at Liverpool John Moores University. He is a Reader in Substance Use Epidemiology with research experience encompassing a wide range of drug related issues. However, his main interest remains the use of ‘human enhancement drugs’ in the general population, an area he has worked in since the early 1990s. Prior to his research career he worked as a Registered General Nurse providing healthcare and promoting harm reduction and HIV prevention with injecting drug users. He joined Liverpool John Moores University in 1998 and has built an international reputation in the field of drug use. He has co-authored more than 100 research reports, 50 journal papers, presented at some of the most influential national and international conferences and been invited to contribute to a number of national and international groups and collaborations. Email Jim: j.mcveigh@ljmu.ac.uk.

You can also find him on Twitter: @mcveigh_jim and LinkedIn.

Arron Owen

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Arron Owen is an Area Manager for a national substance misuse organisation and is currently based in the Midlands. He is interested in the responses of substance misuse services to performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) use including needle exchange service and workforce education. This is to ensure that health and treatment services are equipped to address use and that PIED users are aware of the service available to them. Arron operates the Steroid Education website where advice and information can be sought for new and experienced PIED users as well as workers within the field. Arron is an active CrossFit competitor having moved from Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu several years ago. Email Arron: info@sted-ed.co.uk

You can also find him on Twitter – @ArronOwen1 and @sted-ed – and LinkedIn.

Prof. Andrea Petroczi

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Andrea Petróczi is a Professor of Public Health at Kingston University London. Andrea’s research is centred on behavioural choices with public health implications, where short term gains are traded off for potential health consequences later in life; and method development. With a strong commitment to multidisciplinary research spanning across disciplines allied to medicine and psychology, her research explores the various forms of human enhancements (performance, appearance and experience), reasons that justifies and the mental representations of such practices in the broader context of human enhancement. Andrea is an internationally recognised expert in social science doping and anti-doping research. She provides consultancy to the World Anti-Doping Agency, serves as an advisor for the Commonwealth Scholarship Commission in the UK and as a member for the Editorial Boards of Psychology of Sport and Exercise (Elsevier); and Substance Abuse, Treatment, Prevention and Policy (BMC). Her research has attracted funding from the European Union, World-Anti Doping Agency, The International Olympic Committee, the National Prevention Research Initiative/Medical Research Council, The British Academy and the European Council. Recently, in collaboration with Prof. Paul Norman, she contributed to the World Anti-Doping Agency’s preventive online educational tool (Athlete Learning Program about Health & Anti-Doping, ALPHA). Email Andrea: A.Petroczi@kingston.ac.uk.

You can also find her on Academia: https://kingston.academia.edu/APetroczi, and LinkedIn.

Andrew Preston

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Andrew has been writing plain English drug information for over 25 years, and founded unique social enterprise Exchange Supplies to improve the harm reduction response to drug use by developing innovative products and publications for injecting drug users, needle exchanges, and drug services. Published information includes anabolic steroid dose and effects book and poster – both available free online HERE. Exchange Supplies also sell equipment direct to users online. Email Andrew: andrew@exchangesupplies.org

You can also follow him on Twitter and find more information regarding Exchange Supplies via their website and Facebook Page.

Andrew Richardson

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Andrew Richardson is a 23 year old from Northern Ireland achieving degrees in Sport Science at BSc (1st Class Honors) and MSc (Merit) level. Now finishing off his postgraduate certificate in education (PGCE) at Teesside University in May 2018. Andrew is a two-times bronze medallist at the International Powerlifting Federation (IPF) World University Championships in 2016 for the squat and deadlift events in the men’s 105kg class. He also coached for Teesside University Powerlifting team since 2013 winning the coveted Northern University Championships twice during this period. Andrew’s MSc was based on male body image and body dysmorphia surrounding the use of androgenic-anabolic steroid use. Another MSc project was tasked on interviewing image and performance enhancing drug (IPED) users across the UK using a qualitative approach. Post PGCE, Andrew is starting his role as President of Activities at Teesside University where he hopes to make the staff and students aware of the ever growing use of IPEDs. Andrew has worked for Change Grow Living as a Gym Instructor/Gym Project Lead (2017/2018) at the Live Well Center in Middlesbrough (part of his PGCE placement). Andrew has a keen interest in mental health, strength and conditioning, physical activity, body image, body dysmorphia and IPEDs. Email Andrew: arichie@hotmail.co.uk.

You can also follow Andrew on Twitter and Facebook, and stay up to date about his work by following his blog.

Mike Salines:

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Mike Salinas, Ph.D., is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology in the Department of Sociology at Manchester Metropolitan University, UK. He is a criminologist with particular expertise and experience in ethnographic methods, offending careers over the life-course, illegal drug markets, and drug use. His most recent ethnographic project was undertaken in a ‘hardcore’ bodybuilding gym. The study looked at the myriad motives of IPED users, their extensive polysubstance use, as well as the localised IPED market that feed local demand. He is currently studying service provisions for IPED users to help inform better practice. Email Mike: M.Salinas@mmu.ac.uk.

You can also follow him on Twitter.

Jamie Tully:

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I am a Ph.D. student with Liverpool John Moores University. I have a B.Sc. in Applied Psychology, and an M.Sc. in Health Psychology. My area of research is in cognitive enhancement strategies, primarily the use of pharmaceutical stimulants and their utility as a study aid among UK university students. I am also interested in the efficacy of these substances, i.e. the extent to which they enhance aspects of cognition, and how they are can be utilised in a real world, academic setting. Email Jamie: J.Tully@2010.ljmu.ac.uk.

You can also follow Jamie on Twitter: @J_L_Tull.

Elisabeth Julie Vargo


Elisabeth Julie Vargo achieved her PhD at Kingston University London in October 2015. In broad terms, her research involves the exploration of “functional” drug use among young people. She is interested in the psycho-social aspects of the phenomenon and combines quantitative (self-reports, IATs) and qualitative (interviews, focus groups) research processes to explore and predict behaviours related to using and misusing drugs. Topics investigated in her research include drug and youth cultures, drug policy and harm reduction interventions related to prescription drug, performance and image enhancing drug, doping and recreational drug use. She is also interested in developing implicit measures to identify drug use related behaviours. Email Julie: Julie.Vargo@kingston.ac.uk.

You can also follow here work on Researchgate.